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ENHANCING LOCAL LEVEL PARTICIPATION IN DEVELOPMENT PLANNING THROUGH THE SUB-DISTRICT STRUCTURES IN THE BAWKU MUNICIPALITY, GHANA.

    Mohammed Sulemana Affiliation
    ; Imruna Dramani Affiliation
    ; Abdul-Momen Salia Affiliation

Abstract

Decentralization as a strategy of governance is to ensure popular citizen participation at the local level to facilitate development. In Ghana, under the Local Governance Act 1993 (Act 462), Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) are principal actors of development within their areas of jurisdiction and are expected to ensure popular and authentic participation of residents in the develop-ment process. The mixed methods design was adopted for this study while the study design deployed was the case study design. Questionnaire, interviews, and focus group discussions were employed in gathering data from a sample size of 397 respondents. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. It was found out that various forms of participation ranged from con-sultation, participation in planning, decision making, implementation, dispute resolution, monitoring and evaluation, among others. Equally, it emerged that level of involvement of the grassroots at the local level in terms of development decision was generally low at project planning stage and monitor-ing and evaluation stage. The study recommends that the Municipal Assembly should provide annual regular capacity training workshops for all members of sub-district structures (SDSs) in the area of minutes writing, basic bookkeeping, plan formulation and report writing and presentation as well as other relevant topics.

Keywords: Decentralization, Participation, Sub-District Structures, Sub-Saharan Africa